Policy Criminal Fines and Imprisonment Substitute Fines

Eddy Wibisono


This research is motivated problems in policy implementation criminal fines and imprisonment substitute fines for criminal narcotics which are still being debated in the community. The method used in this study is a normative legal research conducted in an attempt to obtain the necessary legal materials in connection with the problem. Legal materials used are the primary legal materials, which consist of the Act and the judge's decision. Narcotics Act and court decisions relevant to the formulation of research problems have been studied to answer the formulation problems, and analysis using juridical methods. This study founded substitutes for policy implementation imprisonment penalty as a penal policy for the convict in the case of narcotic because it is a legal dictation.


Policy criminal fines, imprisonment substitute fines, drugs, Indonesian criminal justice system

Full Text:



Adams, D. M. (2016). Belief and death: Capital punishment and the competence-for-execution requirement. Criminal Law and Philosophy. Vol. 10 No. 1, pp. 17–30.

Alston, P., and Goodman, R. (2012). International Human Rights. USA: Oxford University Press.

Ashworth, A., and Horder, J. (2013). Principles of criminal law. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Clermont, K. M., and Sherwin, E. (2002). A comparative view of standards of proof. The American Journal of Comparative Law. Vol. 50 No. 2, pp. 243–275.

Coleman, J. S. (1988). Social capital in the creation of human capital. American Journal of Sociology. Vol. 94, Supplement: Organizations and institutions: Sociological and economic approaches to the analysis of social structure, pp. 95–120.

Cragg, W. (1992). The practice of punishment: towards a theory of restorative. London: Routledge.

Baynham, S. (1995) Narco-traffickinc in Africa: Security, social and economic Implications. African Security Review. Vol. 4 No. 6, pp. 32–38.

Dixon, J. (1995). The organizational context of criminal sentencing. American Journal of Sociology. Vol. 100 No. 5, pp. 1157–1198.

Ehrlich, I. (1996). Crime, punishment, and the market for offenses. The Journal of Economic Perspectives. Vol. 10 No. 1, pp. 43–67.

Ferejohn, J. A., and Weingast, B. R. (1992). A positive theory of statutory interpretation. International Review of Law and Economics. Vol. 12 No. 2, pp. 263–279.

Garoupa, N., and and Gomez-Pomar, F. (2004). Punish once or punish twice: A theory of the use of criminal sanctions in addition to regulatory penalties. American Law and Economics Review. Vol. 6 No. 2, pp. 410–433.

Guttel, E., and Medina, B. (2007). Less crime, more (vulnerable) victims: Game theory and the distributional effects of criminal sanctions. Review of Law & Economics. Vol. 3 No. 2, pp. 407–435.

Hartanto, E., Ablisar, M., Mulyadi, M., and Marlina. (2015). Kebijakan kriminal terhadap pencegahan pencurian kenderaan bermotor: Studi di kepolisian sektor sunggal. USU Law Journal, Vol. 3 No. 1, pp. 101–112.

Honneth, A. (2004). Recognition and justice outline of a plural theory of justice. Acta Sociologica. Vol 47 No. 4, pp. 351–364.

Jones, O. D., and Goldsmith, T. H. (2005). Law and Behavioral Biology. Columbia Law Review. Vol. 105 No. 2, pp. 405–502.

Kennedy, R. (1994). The state, criminal law, and racial discrimination: A comment. Harvard Law Review. Vol. 107 No. 6, pp. 1255–1278.

Li, J. (1996). The structural strains of China's socio-legal system: A transition to formal legalism? International Journal of the Sociology of Law. Vol. 24 No. 1, pp. 41–59.

Montada, L., and Maes, J. (2016). Justice and Self-Interest. In C. Sabbagh and M. Schmitt (Eds.). Handbook of Social Justice Theory and Research. New York: Springer-Verlag, pp. 109–125.

Moon, C. (2004). Prelapsarian state: Forgiveness and reconciliation in transitional justice. International Journal for the Semiotics of Law. Vol. 17 No. 2, pp. 185–197.

Morrison, S. (1997). The dynamics of illicit drugs production: Future sources and threats. Crime, Law & Social Change. Vol. 27 No. 2, pp. 121–138.

Niezen, R. (2011). The social study of human rights. A review essay. Comparative Studies in Society and History. Vol. 53 No. 3, pp. 682–691.

Pratt, J., and Eriksson, A. (2013). Contrasts in punishment: An explanation of Anglophone excess and Nordic exceptionalism. Oxon, UK: Routledge.

Sherman, L. W. (1993). Defiance, deterrence, and irrelevance: A theory of the criminal sanction. Journal of research in Crime and Delinquency. Vol. 30 No. 4, pp. 445–473.

Tonry, M. (2001). Symbol, substance, and severity in western penal policies. Punishment & Society. Vol. 3 No. 4, pp. 517–536.

Van Hoecke, M. (2011). Preface. In M. Van Hoecke. Methodologies of legal research: Which kind of method for what kind of discipline? Oxford, UK: Hart Publishing, pp. V–IX.

Wahyuni, S. P., and Bachtiar, A. (2015). Analysis on Policy Implementation of Community Health Center as Report Obligation Recipient Institution for Narcotic Addicts in Jakarta Province in 2014. Journal of Indonesian Health Policy and Administration. Vol. 1 No. 1, pp. 31–37.

Windari, R., and Widjajanti, E. (2015). The double track system in sentencing juvenile offenders in Indonesia: Strengths and weaknesses of the juvenile criminal justice system act 2012. IIUM Law Journal. Vol. 23 No. 3, pp. 501–526

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31479/salj.v1i2.10

Copyright (c) 2017 The Southeast Asia Law Journal

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
The Southeast Asia Law Journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.